Introduction to Hong Kong
Introduction to Hong Kong
Hong Kong (English: Hong Kong, abbreviation: HK) , located in the South China Sea coast, located in the east of the mouth of the Pearl River, north of Shenzhen, Guangdong, the Wanshan Islands South Point, West Ying Macao and Zhuhai, Guangdong. Hong Kong Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories, a total of 263 islands. Since 1997, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
Hong Kong history would have a population of only a few thousand small fishing village, the United Kingdom because he recognized that the "Depth Hong Kong Hong Kong's geographical width, Four Seasons does not freeze", and "is not in the natural harbor of the seismic zone", in 1842 , the Qing Dynasty in Opium War after the defeat of phases ceded or leased land to the United Kingdom, Hong Kong became a colony of Hong Kong. During World War II, Japan captured the British in the Battle of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong has experienced three years and eight months during the Japanese occupation. In 1945, Japan's unconditional surrender, the British resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong. Hong Kong based on the identity and geographical environment of the colony, to avoid being affected by long-term chaos of the continent; Taiping Heavenly Kingdom , the civil war between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, the Chinese Communists came to power, three red flags during the Cultural Revolution, a large number of mainland refugees flooding into Hong Kong. Based on the rapid population growth, bring talent, capital and technology, the rapid development of economy in the post-war, then by the fishing village gradually developed into an important position in the Asia-Pacific region, industrial and commercial modern cosmopolitan city, known as the "Four Asian dragons".
In 1984, the People's Republic of China and the United Kingdom signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration. July 1, 1997, the transfer of sovereignty to the Government of the People's Republic of China, the establishment of the Special Administrative Region, the Chief Executive is the head of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, referred to as the "Chief Executive". The implementation of "one country, two systems" in Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Basic Law stipulates that Hong Kong is not a socialist, maintain the capitalist and way of life shall remain unchanged for 50 years. Hong Kong enjoys addition to national defense and foreign affairs, the high degree of autonomy in all matters and the right to participate in international affairs, called the "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong" and a high degree of autonomy.
Hong Kong is an important international financial services and shipping hub, and clean society, good law and order, economic freedom and the legal system is complete and is well known in the world. Hong Kong has been among the best in the Global Financial Centres Index ranked the 18th consecutive year the world's freest economy rating, the Index of Economic Freedom ranking. Hong Kong is one of the world's safest, affluence, prosperity and high standard of living and average life expectancy of the longest cosmopolitan city, the "Pearl of the Orient", "City of Life", "gourmet paradise" and "shopping paradise" reputation , because of which were magnificent and the close proximity of the Country Park, in 2012, the British "Economist" as "the world's most livable city"; "Asia's world city", compared with the official Brand Hong Kong.